Planetary gears have many advantages to other gears:
1. Compact built and highly stressable.
2. Simultanously load distribution to many teeth.
3. High transmission ratio in one stage.
4. Combination of several stages by shifting behind each other.
Planetary gears with three planets have even more advantages:
I. Good load distribution up to 2x3 = 6 teeth (in helical toothing).
II. Symmetrical force polygons as an equilateral triangle.
III. Centering of the sun wheel and the hollow wheel by planetary forces