Types of strain wave gears

Strain wave gears are epicyclic gears with an elastically deformable gear ring. With only one gear stage high reduction ratios can be accomplished. They can be designed with inner and outer toothing. Most commonly, a dual polygon is used as an inner oval, but other polygons are to be designed. However, the former has enforced due to its advantageous static behaviour and the compensation of imbalance. Only short toothing can be used, because

just then the deformation of the gear ring is controllable. The contact area of bearing teeth is computed to approximately 15%. If the inner oval is constucted springily, the rotation is transmitted almost with zero backlash. There is an increasement of friction loss, though. In stead of an inner oval, several rolls can be used. Excecution in steel, plastic and a combination of both materials are possible. We can design and produce such strain wave gears.

Top view of strain wave gear
Back view of strain wave gear

360° animation of strain wave gear
Animation of strain wave gear

Schematic presentation of different types of strain wave gears

The load capacity rises with the number of polygons used, but the ratio decreases.

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